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Faces of Europe The first chapter of this amazing virtual exhibition
Art history collection

The alliance of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led respectively by King Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Grand Duke Vytautas (Witold; Vitaŭt), decisively defeated the German–Prussian Teutonic Knights, led by Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen.

A haloed Jesus watches from the background.

It's not clear which side he's rooting for.

(left) Two people, Vermeer, Rijksmuseum, CC BY-SA | (right) Three people, Vermeer, Rijksmuseum, CC BY-SA

The battle was one of the largest in Medieval Europe and is regarded as the most important victory in the histories of Poland, Belarus and Lithuania. It has been used as a source of romantic legends and national pride, becoming a larger symbol of struggle against foreign invaders.

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Japonism (from the French Japonisme, first used in 1872)

In France the term Japonisme refers to a specific French style in the fine arts from 1864, while in England its impact on the decorative arts was first documented 1862.

From the 1860s, ukiyo-e, Japanese wood-block prints became a source of inspiration for many European impressionist painters, Art Nouveau and Cubism. Artists were especially affected by the lack of perspective and shadow, the flat areas of strong color, and the compositional freedom gained by placing the subject off-centre, mostly with a low diagonal axis to the background.

Japan’s long period of exclusion from the west ended in the mid 19th century, and from 1862 the work of Japanese craftsmen could be seen at world trade fairs.

Japonisme refers to a specific French style

Woodblock prints, porcelain, textiles and lacquer work had a profound impact on many western art movements, including Art Nouveau. Bamboo, carp, wisteria and cherry blossom became part of the decorative repertoire.

She'll make point five past light speed Han Solo - captain of the millennium falcon.

Siegfried Bing (1838-1905), a naturalized Frenchman from Hamburg, ran an import-export business from the 1870s and edited the influential monthly journal Le Japon Artistique.

Arcimboldo's Vertumnus, a portrait depicting Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Arcimboldo's Vertumnus, a portrait depicting Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor. National Gallery of Sweden CC0

Arcimboldo's conventional work, on traditional religious subjects, has fallen into oblivion, but his portraits of human heads made up of vegetables, plants, fruits, sea creatures and tree roots, were greatly admired by his contemporaries and remain a source of fascination today.

At a distance, his portraits looked like normal human portraits. However, individual objects in each portrait were actually overlapped together to make various anatomical shapes of a human.

Glass was one of the materials that could now be made more cheaply and in new forms using processes introduced by the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Tired of the old conventions, Art Nouveau artists readily embraced glass in their projects. It became an essential tool in creating luminous living areas and spaces. Large windows and glass roofs helped experiment with dimensions and brightened ambience in Art Nouveau buildings.
Adam and Eve Victor Brauner (Piatra-Neamţ, 15 June 1903 – Paris, 12 March 1966)

Victor Brauner was a major representative of Surrealism, the art movement that focuses on the world between dreams and reality. He was born in the East Carpathians, in a town where half the population was Jewish. After an anti-Semitic peasants’ revolt in 1907, the family moved to Germany and later to Austria. In 1919, five years after returning to Bucharest, they were granted Romanian citizenship. That same year, Brauner enrolled at the National School of Fine Arts in Bucharest.

Adam, meanwhile, was the first human on God's earth and so didn't need a surname. He was followed by Eve, pictured here recounting to Adam where that fruit they just ate was picked from. He's still absorbing the news.

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Adam and Eve - Victor Brauner.
Adam and Eve - Victor Brauner. National Gallery of Romania CC0
MORE TEXT: glass was one of the materials that could now be made more cheaply and in new forms using processes introduced by the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Tired of the old conventions, Art Nouveau artists readily embraced glass in their projects. It became an essential tool in creating luminous living areas and spaces. Large windows and glass roofs helped experiment with dimensions and brightened ambience in Art Nouveau buildings.
MORE TEXT: glass was one of the materials that could now be made more cheaply and in new forms using processes introduced by the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Tired of the old conventions, Art Nouveau artists readily embraced glass in their projects. It became an essential tool in creating luminous living areas and spaces. Large windows and glass roofs helped experiment with dimensions and brightened ambience in Art Nouveau buildings.
MORE TEXT: glass was one of the materials that could now be made more cheaply and in new forms using processes introduced by the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Tired of the old conventions, Art Nouveau artists readily embraced glass in their projects. It became an essential tool in creating luminous living areas and spaces. Large windows and glass roofs helped experiment with dimensions and brightened ambience in Art Nouveau buildings.
MORE TEXT: glass was one of the materials that could now be made more cheaply and in new forms using processes introduced by the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century. Tired of the old conventions, Art Nouveau artists readily embraced glass in their projects. It became an essential tool in creating luminous living areas and spaces. Large windows and glass roofs helped experiment with dimensions and brightened ambience in Art Nouveau buildings.
ZURICH - Arthur Segal Arthur Segal (13 July 1875 - Jassy, June 1944, London)
Arthur Segal with his son Walter, Berlin. CC0
Arthur Segal with his son Walter, Berlin. National Gallery of Romania CC0

Arthur Segal is seen as the father of the Jewish avant-garde art scene in Romania. He spent the first years of his life in a town in the northeast of the country. He took no interest in schoolwork and felt excluded because he was Jewish. Arthur’s father wanted his son to become a banker and discouraged his early interest in art, but without success.

In 1892 Segal went to Berlin to study painting at the city’s fine arts academy.

Never mind that art nonsense, become a banker! Arthur's father
She's fast enough for you old man. What's the cargo? Han Solo - captain of the millennium falcon.
SagradaFamilia Sostre. CC0
SagradaFamilia Sostre. Barcelona Gallery CC0

Exhibition Page Credits

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Faces of Europe - Credits

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Arcimboldo's Vertumnus, a portrait depicting Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor.
Adam and Eve - Victor Brauner.
Arthur Segal with his son Walter, Berlin. CC0
SagradaFamilia Sostre. CC0

Exhibition Page Foyer

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From the late 14th century, the Renaissance spread from Italy through France and Northern Europe.

This brought a level of technical skill that raised the status of the artist in society and affected many fields of intellectual pursuit.

Our mission

We transform the world with culture! We want to build on Europe’s rich heritage and make it easier for people to use, whether for work, for learning or just for fun.

Exhibition Page Intro Single

Skip to page contents
Faces of Europe The first chapter of this amazing virtual exhibition
Art history collection

The alliance of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led respectively by King Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Grand Duke Vytautas (Witold; Vitaŭt), decisively defeated the German–Prussian Teutonic Knights, led by Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen.

A haloed Jesus watches from the background.

It's not clear which side he's rooting for.

Art history collection
Art history collection
Art history collection
Art history collection

Exhibition Page Intro

Skip to page contents
Faces of Europe The first chapter of this amazing virtual exhibition
Art history collection

The alliance of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led respectively by King Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Grand Duke Vytautas (Witold; Vitaŭt), decisively defeated the German–Prussian Teutonic Knights, led by Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen.

A haloed Jesus watches from the background.

It's not clear which side he's rooting for.

The battle was one of the largest in Medieval Europe and is regarded as the most important victory in the histories of Poland, Belarus and Lithuania. It has been used as a source of romantic legends and national pride, becoming a larger symbol of struggle against foreign invaders.

If there's a gap below here it's because the slide is smaller than the viewport height.

Japonism (from the French Japonisme, first used in 1872)

In France the term Japonisme refers to a specific French style in the fine arts from 1864, while in England its impact on the decorative arts was first documented 1862.

From the 1860s, ukiyo-e, Japanese wood-block prints became a source of inspiration for many European impressionist painters, Art Nouveau and Cubism. Artists were especially affected by the lack of perspective and shadow, the flat areas of strong color, and the compositional freedom gained by placing the subject off-centre, mostly with a low diagonal axis to the background.

Japan’s long period of exclusion from the west ended in the mid 19th century, and from 1862 the work of Japanese craftsmen could be seen at world trade fairs.

Japonisme refers to a specific French style
Le Japon artistique, n° 3. CC0
Le Japon artistique, n° 3. French National Gallery CC0
She's fast enough for you old man. What's the cargo? Han Solo - captain of the millennium falcon.
Art history collection
Art history collection
Art history collection
Art history collection

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